4. com is a FREE History revision website containing GCSE History revision, IGCSE History revision, A Level History revision and IB Diploma History revision podcasts and videos. How the Nazis persecuted the Jews: key dates 1933 • Boycott of Jewish businesses. THANK YOU. All wiki articles on: German revision notes. | | |murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Rohm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents. Communist leaders, Hitler was furious and | | |replaced the courts with the Nazi People's Courts. Hitler assembled a large group of unemployed young men and former soldiers, known as the storm troopers (the SA), which attacked other political groups. This was a major weakness of the Republic. The French refused to believe it. At an enquiry, Field Marshall Hindenburg was called to give evidence. Most importantly, Dawes agreed to America lending Germany 800 million gold marks, which kick-started the German economy. Many German people suffered as a result of this economic crisis. These groups were behind the attempt by an army officer, Kapp, to seize control of Berlin in 1920. So Ebert stayed on as President and formed a new government which was prepared to do so. Under his advice, the German Reichsbank was reformed and the old money was called in and burned. • The Hitler Youth was compulsory; it indoctrinated boys and prepared them for war. The Nazi party was banned, and Hitler was prevented from speaking in public until 1927. Here are a comprehensive collection of short study notes and interactive revision resources for the Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918-1939 (Option 31) unit of the Edexcel GCSE History course. By 1939, there was virtually no unemployment in Germany. 3. They also expelled people from the Ruhr when they refused to cooperate. Led by socialists, they set up their own workers’ and soldiers’ councils to run the towns. At this point, he still needed the army's support, which is why he destroyed the SA in the Night of the Long Knives. The government also had to face right wing armed gangs which roamed the streets and made life unpleasant for people from other political parties. Background. Jews had to add the name Israel (men) or Sarah (women) to their name. While apple seems. 1918 - 1945 2. History / Contemporary history (1901 – Present Day) 14-16; View more. Learn. number: 206095338. |24 April 1934 |People's Courts - Hitler sets up the Nazi people's courts where judges have to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis. Summary Summary IGCSE Cambridge History Germany Depth Study Notes . |[pic] |Abolishing the trade unions allowed Hitler to destroy a group that might have opposed him. The word ‘inflation’ describes a situation in which prices are rising and the value of money is falling. Memorial card. The country was breaking up. The Nazis, therefore: • Tried to eliminate the Jews. The Weimar government's main crisis occurred in 1923, when the Germans failed to make a reparations payment ( payments made for damage caused in WW1. 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. Test. The Nazis gain support Anger and bitterness helped the Nazis to gain more support. His replacement - Papen - lasted six months, and the next chancellor - Schleicher - only lasted two months. But the Kaiser refused to make any changes. Academic Destressor | IGCSE | IDBP Notes on Germany (1919-1945) - Depth Study. A paramilitary wing of the Social Democratic Party, called the Reichsbanner, sabotaged railway lines and acted as spies. He wrote: ‘Those who sign this Treaty will sign the death sentence of millions of German men, women and children.’. BACK to … Was Weimar stable during 1923-1929? When workers in the Krupp steelworks refused to take orders, the French opened fire, killing thirteen and wounding many more. No blame is to be attached to the sound core of the army…It is perfectly clear on whom the blame rests.’. One result was a campaign of hatred against the French. Most people disagreed with Keynes, especially the French. There were a number of communist uprisings. |[pic] |a. He refused and demanded to be made chancellor. The well-to-do suffered along with the poor, especially people who had savings in the bank. Homosexuals were persecuted; they did not fit the Nazi image of the ideal family. June 2017 – OCR (J418) History B: Modern World. Taken from: The Literary Digest for February 10, 1923. The role of women The Nazis had clear ideas of what they wanted from women. Note that the new 2015 content on the Middle East is not yet included. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. When Germany was clearly losing the First World War, the German Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated. Germany would have to suffer the humiliation of total surrender, and would be divided into four zones according to where the different allied troops were. IGCSE Cambridge Germany Germany Depth Study B 1 Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? For example, there were many politically motivated murders during this time; most of which were obviously committed by right-wingers, but virtually none of them were punished. The war was over, Kaiser Wilhelm II had fled, a revolution had begun, and the people of Germany were now free to shape their own future. It wanted to make sure that Germany would never attack it again, and crippling Germany with massive reparations was the best way of doing it. Study Gcse History Germany using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. Or so it seemed at the time. These measures dealt with political opponents, as well as ordinary people, who suddenly found their private, social and working lives controlled by the Nazis. If it were made to pay, it would ruin its economy. • Germany was in danger - from Communists and Jews, who had to be destroyed. Destroyed much of the old Germany as the army was defeated and people surviving on turnips and bread. Spell. 2. RECOMMENDED REVISION GUIDE FOR EDEXCEL GCSE HISTORY: WEIMAR & NAZI GERMANY (1918-39) We recommend that students taking Edexcel GCSE History: Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918-1939 use … The mutiny in the ports quickly spread inland. From 2020 examination this syllabus will no longer be regulated by the qualifications and examinations regulators in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Flashcards. Germany Revision Guide 2. This site has been created in an effort to help IGCSE History students. 16 Nazis were killed in the scuffle. On the tombstone: His spirit lives on. After all, they had done what the Allies had demanded: the Kaiser had given up his throne and they had elected a democratic government to rule Germany in his place. Non-Nazi teachers and university professors were sacked; teachers had to join the National Socialist Teachers' League. So even if they could afford to buy food, they might not be able to pay for the gas to cook it. | |[pic] |Banning political parties made Germany a one-party state and destroyed democracy in the country. History; GCSE; Edexcel; Download. Unmarried women could volunteer to have a baby for an Aryan [Aryan: a person of European decent (not Jewish) often with blond hair and blue eyes - the Nazis viewed as the superior human race ] member of the SS Women were supposed to emulate traditional German peasant fashions - plain peasant costumes, hair in plaits or buns and flat shoes. 3. Gcse History Revision Notes – Germany. • People on wages were safe, because they renegotiated their wages every day. Dawes Plan and new currency meant eco was stable Hitler's rise to power Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to one event, but a mixture of factors including events happening outside Germany, the strengths of the Nazi party, and the weaknesses of other parties within Germany. 4. Inflation occurs, in other words, when the supply of goods fails to keep up with demand. All he could was to abdicate. IGCSE Modern World History Revision: 2020 The Cambridge IGCSE Modern World History Examination consists of two papers: Paper 1: Core Content - Students answer three question in the (a) Describe, (b) Explain, (c) Assess format in two hours. [pic] Hitler waved a gun at Khar and Lossow On the night of 8 November 1923, Hitler and 600 storm troopers burst into a meeting that Kahr and Lossow were holding at the local Beer Hall. Germany - Revision Document. Supporters of the right wing often had friends in high places, for example in the law courts, government departments and the armed forces. THE RECOVERY OF GERMANY- Germany 2- Recovery 3. The Early Nazi Party The Nazi ideology: • Lebensraum - the need for 'living space' for the German nation to expand. The content on this website is comprised of notes I made during my IGCSE … The Government started in 1918, two days before Germany surrendered in WWI. The 1923 crisis began when Germany missed a reparations payment. Germany Depth Study 1919-45 How did Germany emerge from the defeat in the First World War? Friedrich Ebert became the first German President, after a republic was announced to the German people. His explanation was simple: ‘The German army was stabbed in the back. One man borrowed money to buy a herd of cattle, but soon after paid back his loan by selling one cow. Germany - Revision Document. After the German defeat in WWI, Kaiser Wilhelm II, the German Emperor, was extremely unpopular with his people – he was arrogant, tactless, and an ineffective war leader. GCSE history students compare the Hitler Youth and the League of German Maidens by constructing a dialogue designed to highlight the positive and negative features about each. In retaliation, 5,000 people were executed. The appeal of the Nazis In the 1920s, the Nazis tried to be all things to all people. But the immediate effect was to cause unrest in all parts of the country and to trigger off a putsch in Bavaria. | | |When the courts convicted Dutch Communist van der Lubbe, but did not convict other. Just five years after the end of the Great War, the old hatred between France and Germany had flared up into violence and economic disaster. https://phdessay.com/gcse-history-revision-notes-germany/, The Rearmament of Germany in the 1920s and 30s. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. GCSE History Revision Notes. Who was to blame for it all? The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gave newly wed couples a loan of 1,000 marks, and allowed them to keep 250 marks for each child they had. Hitler fled, but was arrested two days later. • Textbooks were re-written to include Nazi political and racial ideas. • History was taught to glorify Germany. ... NOTES Hitler: GCSE History Rise of Evil Covers Hitler’s rise to power BBC History File Rise to power The Nazis: A Warning from History Comprehensive documentary. No political party had a majority. The effect of the invasion was to speed up the rate of inflation until money lost value every day. It maintained control through a mixture of propaganda [Propaganda: A type of advertising for an idea or cause, produced by supporters or opponents of that idea or cause. • Girls were taught cookery; boys were taught science and maths. There was nothing that Kaiser Wilhelm could do to control his country, for the army generals refused to support him. • Race Science lessons to teach that Jews are inferior 1935 • 'Jews not wanted here' signs put up at swimming pools etc. Annabelledobson Edexcel 9-1 GCSE Revision notes- Germany. The other senior generals took the same view. Hitler used these factors to his advantage and in 1933 he legitimately gained power to become chancellor. lack of potential customers. 48% Iron Industry 6. To have even part of this taken away would be a shattering blow to the country’s well-being. • The DAF (German Labour Front) controlled workers' conditions at work. • He began a huge programme of public works including planting forests, and building hospitals and schools. In the west, however, we can scarcely count on being able to withstand a serious offensive…The success of the operation as a whole is very doubtful, but as a soldier, I cannot help feeling that it were better to die honourably than accept a disgraceful peace. Learners develop an understanding of […] Artists had to produce acceptable paintings that portrayed Nazi values. German depth study IGCSE 1. They said that Germany had not been as badly damaged as France and Belgium, so if Germany did not pay for repairing the damage to them, they would remain weak while Germany grew strong. However, Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements. 338 Cards – 16 Decks – 325 Learners Sample Decks: Background Info (Germany After the War) , The Weimar Republic and Opposition to It, Key Terms Show Class GCSE History AQA 2017. The original 366 Days, is still in print and available here.. Mr Allsop History . | |20 June 1933 |Concordat - Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope who sees him as someone who can destroy communism. 5. . Hitler’s Germany was run on the following principles: Nazism was more than just a political movement; it was a way of life. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? The German defeat of 1918 was blamed on Jewish and Marxist spies who weakened the system from within; The Treaty of Versailles was the work of nations who were jealous of Germany’s success; The hyperinflation of 1923 was blamed on Jewish saboteurs; Biology became a study of races. Prep for a quiz or learn for fun! IGCSE History Germany Depth Study. Sailers at Wilhelmshaven naval base mutinied, and again at Kiel (after an order was given to attack the British navy). Were the peace treaties of 1919-1923 fair? The Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany was guilty of starting the Great War and must therefore pay for the damage it had caused. Cambridge IGCSE German (Hodder) Strengthen language skills and cultural awareness with a differentiated approach that offers comprehensive coverage of the revised Cambridge IGCSE German syllabus for examination from 2021. On 10 November 1918, he secretly left Germany and went by train to the Netherlands, never to return. The Cambridge IGCSE History syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. Many Germans blamed the Republic for Germany’s losses at the Treaty of Versailles. The red flags of the Socialists flew over government buildings. However, the government was so weak that nobody was punished except Kapp himself who was imprisoned, and it took months to get the Free Corps disbanded. These notes are from classes, research, assignments, textbooks etc. These politicians were known as ‘November Criminals’ and they had ‘stabbed Germany in the back’ by making peace with the Allies. A presentation of the main aspects of the Treaty of Versailles: aims of the big three, six terms of TOV, how the Germans felt, why was the treaty so important, what the allies thought about the treaty, four other treaties 1919-1920, self-determination problems, successes and failures. Unification of Germany What caused the First World War? The Weimar Republic faced violent uprisings from various groups, not to mention economic problems. 3. Hitler collected his storm troopers and told them to be ready to rebel. These Gaus are separated | |[pic] |into areas, localities and blocks of flats run by a Blockleiter. They took over coal mines, railways, factories, steel works. The Treaty of Versailles crippled Germany by taking away land, money and arms. It exploded, but Hitler survived. Videos Questions Further help Survey WELCOME! 2. It took only six days for cities all over Germany to join in. The Allied blockade of German ports would continue until an Armistice was signed. Reasons why Hitler rose to power 1. America called in all its foreign loans, which destroyed Weimar Germany due to the Dawes Plan. Many Germans would have preferred to fight again rather than sign the peace treaty being drawn up in Paris by the Allies. Core Competency (CI#1) : Apple design, develop and market numerous product and service lines. There was a short scuffle in which the police killed 16 Nazis. Propaganda (method of control) Josef Goebbels controlled the Propaganda Ministry, which aimed to brainwash people into obeying the Nazis and idolising Hitler. 2. As you can see the period between 1919 to 1923 was defined by one crisis after another. In January 1923, there were five French divisions and one Belgian division in the Ruhr. So the Spartacist or communist revolution had failed. IGCSE History chapter notes; Igcse History Chapter Notes. | |Arguably the critical event - it gave Hitler absolute power to make his laws. Hitler was furious because the courts did | | |not sentence the communists to death for starting the Reichstag fire. There was no way out but to sign the treaty. Germany keywords. Niemoller was held in a concentration camp during the period 1937-1945. Free IGCSE Revision and Study material for IGCSE History - The Cold War. The advance of French and Belgian troops into the Ruhr valley is considered by the Germans as putting their country in to "a moral state of war with France and Belgium," which the Germans will wage with the weapons of "sabotage and inertia". You can find the GCSE History … . Home; About; History; English; Geography ; Resources; General; Contact; Search for: Posted in Analysis. A few weeks later, the money wasn't even enough to buy a loaf of bread. Hitler even introduced a medal for women who had eight or more children! For the next six years he was able to bring about a time of peace and a return to normalcy for Germany. Weimar Germany Notes - Very Detailed! This was staged by the new National Socialist Party, headed by their leader Adolf Hitler. Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934? 1. Report Thu 30th May, 2013 @ 22:15. A cartoon from a German magazine in 1923. Test. The left wing wanted the kind of communist government that had been created in Russia after 1917. Work (working) • Dr Robert Ley, head of the DAF [DAF: German Labour Front ], boasted that he controlled workers' lives from the 'cradle to the grave'. . Save to favourites. It includes all the past paper questions for the four focus points specified by the exam board: 1. | |23 Mar 1933 |Enabling Act - the SA intimidates all the remaining non-Nazi deputies. The Reichstag votes to give Hitler the right to make his | |[pic] |own laws. It includes all the past paper questions for the four focus points specified by the exam board: 1. They daubed anti-Nazi slogans, sheltered deserters and beat up Nazi officials. Walther Rathenau (29 September 1867-24 June 1922). In 1929, the American Stock Exchange collapsed, and caused an economic depression. He did not name them but Hindenburg’s meaning was clear: the army could have won the war but it had been betrayed by the Socialist politicians who signed the armistice in November 1918. The White Rose group was formed by students at Munich University. The Edexcel International GCSE curriculum is a project School History is embarking on in order to give our teachers access to the highest quality teaching resources. On the other hand, landowners and industrialists came out of the crisis well, because they still owned material wealth – rich farming land, mines and factories. After just 100 hours as Germany’s new ruler, Kapp resigned, gave in and fled to Sweden. A flu also sweeped across the country, killing thousands of people already weakened by rations. Land given to Poland, France & Belgium & Saarland given to League for 15 years. Share: Tweet. Hitler went to prison, where he wrote 'Mein Kampf'. When he suceeded, their attempt to get rid of him fell apart, and Hitler dismissed the chief of staff and 60 other generals. • The KdF (Strength through Joy) movement regulated their leisure time. The more money the government printed, the faster prices when up, until 1923 became a year of hyperinflation. GERMANY TOPIC MAP (Knowledge Checklist) GCSE Germany Assessment Mat (Mark scheme) Germany Exam Paper. What Did Germany Lose? There were many attempts to overthrow the Republic during its early years. Results of the Munich Putsch The Munich Putsch was a failure. 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