Development of industries for the economic growth of the country leads to excessive deforestation and utilization of land in such as way that it has lost its natural up gradation quality. In turn, unsustainable land use is driving land degradation. 0 generation 2030. Policy Studies Organization (PSO) Summit, December 2011, Special Report on Climate Change and Land, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, "Global food crisis looms as climate change and population growth strip fertile land", A land degradation assessment and mapping method. The decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition commonly caused by human activities.. Land degradation Meaning… Following are some practises for controlling land degradation: It is & practice in which cultivated crops are sown in alternative strips to prevent water movement. However, there is no single internationally-approved definition of “degraded land”. Land degradation is a global challenge that affects everybody through food insecurity and higher food prices, through climate change and environmental hazards, and through the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The modern agricultural practises, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides has adversely degraded the natural quality and fertility of the cultivation land. Definition: Land degradation is the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rain—fed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest or woodlands resulting from natural processes, land uses or other human activities and habitation patterns such as land contamination, soil erosion and the destruction of the vegetation cover. Land degradation is the major consequences of direct interference of human activities in the natural phenomenon. land degradation definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, land degradation meaning explained, see also 'land up',land mass',land mine',common land', English vocabulary Geology A general lowering of the earth's surface by erosion or weathering. The act or process of degrading. As a result of sea-level rise from climate change, salinity levels can reach levels where agriculture becomes impossible in very low-lying areas. 1. Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Exposure of naked soil after harvesting by heavy equipment, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 13:41. For reasons outlined above, poor farmers are led to clear forest, cultivate steep slopes without conservation, overgraze rangelands, make unbalanced fertilizer applications, and the other causes noted above. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Terminski, Bogumil, Towards Recognition and Protection of Forced Environmental Migrants in the Public International Law: Refugee or IDPs Umbrella (December 1, 2011). Policies and programmes to halt and reverse land degradation have long suffered from the absence of a clear overarching goal and quantitative, time-bound targets to guide action and make measurable progress. Underlying drivers of land degradation, says the report, are the high-consumption lifestyles in the most developed economies, combined with rising consumption in … Read this article to learn about the meaning, factors responsible, prevention and control measures of land degradation: The change in the characteristic and quality of soil which adversely affect its fertility is called as Degradation. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) has been defined by the Parties to the Convention as: A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within … 1 Definition of land degradation Land degradation can be defined in several ways depending upon the subject that needs to be emphasized. Meaning of Land Pollution. Also, environmental degradation aspects such as deforestation and mining destroy the natural land cover. Changes in the characteristic of soil. To fill this knowledge gap, soil degradation simply means the decline in soil quality which comes about due to aspects such as improper land use, agriculture, and pasture, urban or industrial purposes. Shifting ecological risk: increased vulnerability of the environment or people to destruction or crisis. Image Courtesy : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karst_following_phosphate_mining_on_Nauru.jpg. Johnson, P. Lamb, M. Saul, and A.E. land degradation definition in English dictionary, land degradation meaning, synonyms, see also 'Land',Land',Adélie Land',Arnhem Land'. Find more ways to say degradation, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. When these normally waterlogged soils are exposed to air by drainage or drought, the iron sulphides oxidise produc- Land Pollution can simply be defined as the contamination or degradation of earth surface. 3. Avoiding soil degradation is crucial to our well-being. It is a serious environmental problem. Data on land degradation of global scale are scarce, but recent estimates suggest that 5-6. Defining Land Degradation and Improvement "Land'"includes not only the soil resource, but also the water, vegetation, landscape, and microclimatic components ofan ecosystem.! Land Degradation: Meaning, Definitions, Causes and impacts. Definition Of Environmental Degradation. In proper terminological definition, forest degradation is the decline of the capacity of a forest to produce healthy ecosystem products and services such as the provision of timber and other resources, support to biodiversity, carbon storage and so on as a result of environmental and anthropogenic changes. Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. • Poor land management practices include grazing of stock that has hard hooves, growing of crops that require large amounts of fertilisers and pesticides especially superphosphate and nitrogen, and irrigation for crops on sandy soils. A general definition of land degradation is presented by Wasson (1987) as: "Land degradation is a change to land that makes it less useful for human beings". degradation definition: 1. the process in which the beauty or quality of something is destroyed or spoiled: 2. the…. Copyright 10. [4], According to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: "About a quarter of the Earth's ice-free land area is subject to human-induced degradation (medium confidence). The most important, according to the EEA (1998), is soil contamination. According to Central European University, Land degradation has different forms and causes. Soil degradation is, in itself, an indicator of land degradation. What is Soil Degradation? The resilience of a landscape can be increased or decreased through human interaction based upon different methods of land-use management. Deforestation is taking place at a faster rate due to increasing demands of timber, fuel and forest products which results into degradation of land resources. Overgrazing is the grazing of natural pastures at stocking intensities above the livestock carrying capacity; the resulting decrease in the vegetation cover is a leading cause of wind and water erosion. All are induced or aggravated by human activities, e.g. Soils are a fundamental natural resource, and are the basis for all terrestrial life. 5. In Canada, for example, on-farm effects of land degradation were estimated to range from US$700 to US$915 million in 1984 (Girt, 1986). Degradation definition is - the act or process of degrading. This is particularly the case for populations living in rural areas where most of the poor people reside: estimates report that 80% of the extreme poor live in rural areas and 65% work in the agricultural sector. Land that is degraded becomes less resilient than undegraded land, which can lead to even further degradation through shocks to the landscape. Loss of natural fertility of soil because of loss of nutrients. Bowen, D.E. (in the sense deposition from an office or rank as a punishment): from Old French, or from ecclesiastical Latin degradatio(n-) , from the verb degradare , from de- ‘down, away from’ + Latin gradus ‘step or grade’. The condition of the soil is one of the best indicators of land degradation. Degraded land is land that has lost some degree of its natural productivity due to human-caused processes. Hence shrinking of the land resource base is a big problem before developing country like India. Natural hazards are the conditions of the physical environmentwhich lead to the existence of a high degradation hazard, forexample steep slopes as a hazard for water erosion. Degradation of soil as a result of Erosion 2. Degraded land is land that has lost some degree of its natural productivity due to human-caused processes. Another word for degradation. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by one or more combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Land degradation is damage to land that makes it less economically useful and less biologically diverse. 15 policy briefs. For example, if soil degrades so much that all nutrients are lost, the land may no longer be able to support any life. Land degradation is a big loss to the economy as the land loses its production potential and gets converted into wastelands. [2] Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. Definition Of Environmental Degradation. Information on the economic impact of land degradation by different processes on a global scale is not available. 4. Improper agricultural practices, for instance, occur only under constraints such as the saturation of good lands under population pressure which leads settlers to cultivate too shallow or too steep soils, plough fallow land before it has recovered its fertility, or attempt to obtain multiple crops by irrigating unsuitable soils. 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